Research report

By Martin Bell, with Elin Charles-Edwards, Aude Bernard and Yu Zhu.

This paper reports progress on a cross-national comparison of internal migration in 20 Asian countries, building on a two-day workshop hosted and funded by ADRI in mid-2018. Contributions written by country experts are currently being edited and will be contained in a major book to be published by Springer in mid-2020. The key innovation of this project, known as IMAGE-Asia, is in coupling the quantitative measures of internal migration developed in the global IMAGE project with the richness of detail and interpretation derived from expert knowledge of the local context in each country. We will outline the purpose and structure of the volume, review development of the project, outline key findings from selected chapters and a background paper recently published in Asian Population studies, which quantitatively compared the intensity, selectivity and redistributive effect of migration in a large sample of Asian countries. The conclusion will highlight a number of consistent patterns that characterize migration processes in Asia and point out a series of unique aspects that distinguish individual countries from wider commonalities.

Martin Bell is Emeritus Professor at the University of Queensland, and Adjunct Professor at Shanghai University. He is a population geographer and demographer with experience in government, industry and academia and until December 2015 was Professor of Human Geography and Director of the Queensland Centre for Population Research in UQ’s then School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management. He previously held appointments at the University of Adelaide and in the Australian Government sector and has extensive experience in building and managing large research teams.

Since 2000 he has focused principally on developing and applying robust measures of population mobility and internal migration to understand differences in the level, patterns and causes of human mobility in countries around the world. He has also contributed to the field of regional and local demographic forecasting and developed several of the demographic projection software models

By Yeung Jean, with Qiushi Feng

The rise of solo-living individuals is shedding critical influence on various social and economic dimensions. This paper projects the future trend of one person household (OPH) in China from 2010 to 2050, and to systematically examine these solo-livers by demographic factors such as age, gender, rural/urban residence, and by major social factors of education, marital status and health. We apply the ProFamy Extended Cohort-component Method. Revealed by our results, the rise of OPH will make up a major demographic trend in China for the next few decades, and by 2050 approximately one fifth of Chinese households will be those of only one member. Our study also reveal that the largest solo-living subgroup will be urban youth, especially those urban young males, who are not married and highly educated, most probably with a college degree.

Professor Yeung is a Provost-Chair Professor in NUS Sociology Department. Prior to NUS, her academic history includes time in University of Michigan and New York University. She is the founding Director of the Center for Family and Population Research in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences in NUS. She also leads the Cluster Leader in the Changing Family in Asia research cluster in Asia Research Institute at the National University of Singapore.  She is an international academic advisor to the Institute of Social Science Studies in Peking University and was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Institute for Southeast Asian Studies.  

Professor Yeung was a co-principal investigator of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, the longest running social science longitudinal study in the world. She is an international advisor of several family panel studies in the world. She is currently conducting a study with colleagues to examine the impact of migration on Chinese children’s development and a project on transition of Southeast Asian families. Professor Yeung has been on the editorial boards of several top ranking international journals such as Demography, Journal of Marriage and Family, Child Development, andJournal of Family Issues, and on numerous scientific review committees. She has received many research rewards from prestigeous granting committees in her career.

Professor Yeung’s current research includes various family demographic issues in Asia and in America.  Her publications are in leading journals and are cited widely. Her recent publications include changing family values and behavior, children’s well-being, human capital and aging. Edited volumns include Asian Fatherhood,Transitioning to Adulthood in Asia, Living Alone, and Shifting Boundaries of Care in Asia, Long-Term Care, Productive Aging,and a volume on Singapore Family and Population Changes and Economic Stress in Asia.